Optometry is the field of healthcare involving virtually everything that has to do with eyes and vision, including examinations, prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses and the diagnosis and treatment of:
- Vision problems (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, etc.)
- Common eye disorders (dry eye, eye allergies, etc.)
- Eye infections
- Eye injuries
- Eye diseases (glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, etc.)
Doctors of Optometry (O.D.s/optometrists) are the independent primary health care profesionals for the eye. Optometrists examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures as well as identify related systemic conditions affecting the eye.
- Doctors of Optometry prescribe medications, low vision rehabilitation, vision therapy, spectacle lenses, contact lenses, and perform certain surgical procedures.
- Optometrists counsel their patients regarding surgical and non-surgical options that meet their visual needs related to their occupations, avocations and lifestyle.
- An optometrist has completed pre-professional undergraduation education in a college or university and four years of professional education at a college of optometry, leading to the doctor of optometry (O.D.) degree. Some optometrists complete an optional residency in a specific area of practice.
- Optometrists are eye health care professionals state-licenses to diagnose and treat disease and disorders of the eye and visual system.
--American Optometric Association Website, accessed 12.30.13 web